You can search published articles.

Journal Information

Online ISSN


​Cihat Şen, ​Nicola Volpe

Cecilia Villalain, Daniel Rolnik, M. Mar Gil

Managing Editors
Murat Yayla

Statistics Editor
Resul Arısoy

PP-018 Body mass index change in pre-pregnancy normal weight women and fetal growth

Zoran Mestrovic

Article info

PP-018 Body mass index change in pre-pregnancy normal weight women and fetal growth. Perinatal Journal 2024;32(2024):15 DOI: 10.59215/prn.24.032supp018

Author(s) Information

Zoran Mestrovic

  1. University Hospital Split , Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Split, Croatia

Zoran Mestrovic, University Hospital Split , Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Split, Croatia, [email protected]

Publication History

Manuscript Received: April 26, 2024

Manuscript Accepted: May 01, 2024

Publication date: May 18, 2024

Conflicts of Interest

No conflicts declared.

Optimal gestational weight gain has not yet been fully clarified and remains one of the most controversial issues in modern perinatology. The proportional but independent correlation of maternal pregestational body height and mass with gestational weight gain has long been demonstrated. The role of optimal weight gain during pregnancy is beyond dispute because it influences, directly or indirectly, the occurrence of many gestational, peripartum and postpartum complications. However, the catch is that greater gestational weight gain quite frequently decreases one peripartum/perinatal risk ( e.g. likelihood of preterm delivery and hypotrophy ), while at the same time increasing another one ( e.g. likelihood of preeclampsia and macrosomia). Therefore, the recommended gestational weight gain cannot be the same for all women with the same BMI ( body mass index). In the present study, BMI change in pregnant women was investigated as an input-output factor in the context of quantitative and qualitative assessment of fetal growth.
The study included 16,751 motheers and their neonates. Mothers with singleton term pregnancies ( 37th to 42nd week of gestation) with normal pregestational body weight and BMI (18,5-25 kg/m2) were enrolled. Pregnancies complicated with any type of diabetes mellitus, preeclampsia, Rh or other immunization, fetal hydrops, neonatal malformations, still births or early neonatal deaths, and those with incomplete medical documentation were excluded. Fetal growth assessment from body mass according to gestational week was performed by comparison of the measured values and the standards developed at the same institution. The x²-test was employed on analyzing dependence of the variables that could be categorized qualitatively.
Gestational weight gain was classified according to two criteria, i.e. weight gain expressed in kilograms and BMI change. Study women were divided into two-kilogram groups according to body weight change expressed in kilograms. When BMI was used as a measure of body mass change, groups were definedby 1kg/m² change. Statistical difference between the values obtained and the presumed 10% incidence of LGA ( large for gestational age) and SGA ( small for gestational age) newborns per group was calculated for each group. The incidence of SGA declined, while the incidence of LGA newborns increased with the maternal BMI change increase. On cumulative analysis of the incidence of SGA and LGA neonates according to maternal BMI groups, all differences between the measured and expected values were statistically significant, with the only exception of gestational BMI change of 6-7 kg/m² (SGA 8.9% vs. LGA 9.3%;x²=2.65;p=0.26). Decrease in gestational weight gain was associated with an increased incidence of SGA newborns.
Utilizing BMI change as an output factor will reduce the error caused by disregarding the body height variation in women with the same BMI. We are fully aware that our study cannot offer definitive recommendations for optimal gestational weight gain, but we are positive that it offers a new perspective for additional efforts towards the main goal of developing a formula for optimal gestational weight gain calculation for each individual women, thus providing due conditions to achieve the most favorable perinatal outcome.

Body mass index change, pregnancy, small for gestational age, large for gestational age

Poster presentation